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Valentina Carlile Osteopata
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  • Writer's pictureValentina Carlile DO

DRY EYE: WHAT IS DRY EYE SYNDROME?


DRY EYE: WHAT IS DRY EYE SYNDROME?


We often hear dry eye syndrome, better defined as Dry Eye, but what exactly is it? Who suffers from it and why?


According to the 2020 Vision Needs Monitor Report, dry eye syndrome affects 1 in 4 individuals, involving one or more functional components of the ocular surface.


The causes can be multiple:

  • shortage of tear fluid

  • poor functioning of the lacrimal glands and too rapid evaporation of the tear fluid which dries the cornea and irritates it


There are equally many internal factors that lead to its onset:

  • age (is the major risk factor, F>M)

  • presence of ocular pathologies such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis, meibomian gland dysfunction

  • dermatological diseases

  • Sjögren's syndrome and other autoimmune diseases

  • rheumatoid arthritis

  • diabetes


Added to these are the following external factors:

  • pollution

  • prolonged exposure to video terminals

  • poorly ventilated environments

  • makeup (especially eye makeup)

  • prolonged use of contact lenses

  • eye surgeries


Therapy: the objective is to restore the balance of the ocular surface system which can be achieved through the use of tear substitutes with a lubricating, protective and mucoadhesive action. Osteopathic treatment can help restore drainage pathways.

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